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Full text of "Biographical sketch of Col. D. R. Anthony, of Leavenworth, Kansas .."

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. 

Chap. I'^^^l . 

Shelf .......R-Cr.2^^^,,. 

UNITED STATES OP AMERICA. 



■/ 
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH 



OF 



COL. D. R. ANTHONY, 



OF 



LEAVENWORTH, KANSAS. 



[From the United States Kiographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery j 

Daxtet, Keap AxTrroxv wfis l)oni at South Adams, Mas- 
sanlmst'ttR, on tlie 22ii(l oi' Au.Lnist, 1804. His parents were 
Daniel and L\\cy Anthony. His tatht-r belon.2:ed to the So- 
ciety of Friends, or Qnakers; he was a direct de'^cendant of 
Jolin Antiiony, -wiio emiirrated to this country from Wales, 
Inndini.^ at ])artmonth, jNlass., in KlKi. He was a manufactu- 
rer, and during the o;roater part of liis life was en,a:aiTed in 
the manufacture of cotton and woolen ^oods. He was a man 
of stronn; physical constitution, and much above the average 
in mental power, with quick perception, sound judgment, 



2 '^f^ 

^ ■ f\(,% 

resolute will, aud remarkable force of character — traits wliicli 
liavc been iuherited iu u greater or less de<iree by all of liif^ 
descendants. He died at Rochester, N. Y., in l^ij2, ut the 
age of GO. The family consisted of the parents, two boys and 
five girls — among the latter Susan B. , now known "to the 
world as the leader of the woman suffiage movement in the 
United States, who has devoted her life and more than one 
fortune to the cause of the moral, social and political eleva- 
tion of the women of America. 

The grand parents of Daniel R.,were Humphrey Anthony, 
and Daniel Read, both of South Adams, Mass. Humphrey 
Anthony was a Quaker, a large landholder and dairyman 
farnier,'and lived to the advanced age of 93 years. 

Daniel Read was not a member, but a constant attendant 
of the Baptist church. He was in the army of the Revolu- 
tion, and served in the division which, under x\rnold, made 
the wonderful march through the New England Slates to 
Quebec, in midwinter, sulfermg untold hardships. 

Ax the time Gen, Burgoyne made the raid -upon Benuing- 
ton,Vt.,-Gen. Stark sent a meissenger to notify the people aud 
call for aid. The messenger arrived in South Adams on 
Sunday, during church service, rode up to the Baptist church 
aud made known the object qi' liis visit; the minister stopped 
in the middle of his serm<m and called upon all who would 
volunteer to defend their country to form in line in the aisles 
of the church. 

Daniel Read yolunteerixl, went to Bcnnirtgton, fought and 
helf)edMlf4eatthe proud and arrogant invader. 

He died at the age of 83 years. 

Daniel R. Anthony, the subject of this sketch, was educa- 
ted in a common scluxd at Battenvillo, AV^ashington county, 
New York, till a])out thirteen ycai'S of age, when he went U> 
the Academy at I'nicm N'illage, New York, where he re- 
mained oftly al)out six moatlis, antl then went to work for 
his father—for a time in the cotton mill, then for a while as 
clerk in the store, and aftersvard for several years in the Hour 
mill. It should be remembered that a cotton manufacturing 
establishment, such as that here referred to as conducted by 
the tirm of Anthony, McLean & Co., consisted of the cotton 
mill proper, a store, Jiouring mill, saw mill, machine shop, 
bUu^ksmith shop, aud all the other necessary establishments 
that L^-o to make up a Now England manutacturing village. 
At the arre of twenty-three, lie removed to Rochester, New 
York, and being' out of employment, took a school in a coun 
try district and taught for two winters, for want of more 
congeuial employment. After this he went into the insur- 
ancebusine'>s, at w^hich he continued till the beginning of 
the war of t he rebel lion. 

In July, 1S54, he visited Kansas with the first colony sent 
out by the New England Emigrant Aid Societj-, under com- 
mand of the venerable Eli Thayer. During ihat visit to 
Jiansas he helped to found the city of Lawrence, there beipg 
at that time but one small house on the site where that city 



now stands. lu the fall of the same 5'ear he returned to Rocb- 
oster, where he rcmalnod in business as previously stated; 
till June, 1857, when he returned to Kansas, and located per- 
manently at Leavemvorth — which town had, at that time, be- 
f;'un to attract public attention— and has continued to be u 
resident of that city ever since. 

At the breaking out of the rebellion, in 1801, he joined the 
army of the Union and became Lieutenant-Colonel of the 
First Kansas Cavalry, afterwards known as the Seventh Kan- 
sas volunteers. The only battle in which he distinguished 
liimself was that of the Inttle liluc,,in November, 1801, in 
which he commanded, and won af'Tietory over a force ol 
■jjuerillas of four times his number. '' ■ ' ' ' 

In June, 1802, Lieut.-Col. Anthony was in command of 
Brig.-Gen. liobt. B. MitchelTs Brigade, with iieadquarters at 
Camp Etheridge, Tennessee. At that time the negro ques- 
tion was giving the soldiers and olTicers of the Vnion army 
much trouble." As our lines advanced the slaves deserted 
tiie plantations, and made their way to freedom within tlu 
Union lines, but owing to the pi'o-slavery sentiment, or the 
desire to suppress the rebellion without interfering with sla- 
ver}', which prevailed to a vcr}^ great extent in the minds of 
many of the higher officers in the Union army, it was re- 
garded by them as a sacred duty to return runaway slaves to 
iheir masters, and while our armies might confiscate any 
other kind of property with impunity, a slave was sacred — 
was exempt from the ordinary laws of war — and the troops 
were required to drive all such out of their camps, and afford 
every practicable assistance in their power to masters i« 
'Search of their absconding chattels. While this feeling ex- 
isted not only among a large number of army ofticers, but 
with a certain portion of the people of the North, and while 
the war was still l)eing thus prosecuted, and slavery was lu-- 
ing jn'otected, the following order was issued by Lieut. -C'oi. 
Anthony to the brigade under his command, 

Hkadql:akters MiTrnET,T/s Brigade, Ada'ax( e ( 'olu.aix, ) 
First Brigade, First 1>i vision (iexekalAhmv t)K the ,- 
Mississippi: Camj' Etheridge, Tennessee, J r>;E IStii, lSfi2. j 
[General Order No, 2(i.] 

1. The imprudence and impertiiieuce of Ihf open and armed 
rebels, traitors, sece.ssioiiists, and southern rij^iclits luen. ol tliis 
section of tliH Stfite of Tennessee, in ariojiuntly demanding the 
right to.«;earch our camp for fugitive slaves, lias become a nui- 
■'Unce, and will no lonfjer l^e tolerated. 

Oiticers will sea that tiiis cluss of men wlio visit our camp fry 
this purpose, are excluded from our lines. 

2. .Should any such p(nsf)ns he found within our lines thev will 
be arrested and sent to headij^uarters. 

.'{. Any ofticer or soldier of this command who shall arrest a)id 
deliver to his master a fujjcitive slaNi% shall he summanlj' aud 
severely punished, accord i'nj< to the laws relative to sucli climes. 

4. The stroner Union sentiment in this section is most grntify- 
intj, and all otlicers and soldiers in their intercourse ^\"ith the 
loyal aud those favorably disposed, are requested to act in their 
uvjual kind and courteous manner, aud pi-otect them to the fullest 
extent. 

By order of D. R. Anthony, Lieutenant Colonel, Seventh Kan- 
sas Volunteers, commandinef. W. \V, H. Lawrence, 

Captain and Assistant Adjutant General. 



Geueral Mitchell returned in a few days to headquarters, 
and resumed command of the brigade. He was greatly ex- 
cited and indignant because of the issuing of the order, but 
on account of the evident public sentiment among the mass- 
es of the people at home, as well as the rank and file of tlie 
army, in faver of it, he didn't like to take the responsibility 
of countermanding it. He summoned Col. Anthon}^ before 
him, when the following conversation ensued : 

Gen. M, — ''Col. Authon}', you will at onco countermand 
your order, No. 2G." 

Col. A. — "As a subordinate officer it is m}- duty to obey 
your orders, but you will remember, General, tliat Order No. 
26 is a brigade order, and I am not now in command of the 
brigade. Of course you are aware the Lieutenant-Ccilonel of 
a regiment cannot countermand a brigade order V" 

Gen. M.— "Oh, that need not stand in tlie waj'. Col. Antho- 
ny ; I can put you in command long enough for that." 
Col. A. — "Do you put me in command of the brigade?" 
Gen. M. — "Yes, sir." 

Col. A. — "You say, Gen. Mitchell, I am now the command- 
ing officer of this brigade V" 
Gen. M. — Yes, sir, you are in command." 
Col. A. — "Then, sir, as commanding officer of this brigade 
I am not subject to j^our orders; and as to 3'our request that 
order No. 26 be countermanded, I respectfullj- decline to 
grant it. Brigade order No. 26 shall not be countermanded 
while I remain in command!" 
The order was never countermanded, 

Col. Antliony continued to carry out the letter and spirit 
of his order, with his own command, and refused to allow 
his troops to be used for chasing and catching runaway 
slaves. In no instance did a colored man or woman fleeing 
from slavery ever fail to find protection within his lines, ancl 
in no single instance was any such person ever delivered up 
to be returned to bondage, although demands were repeated- 
ly made for* them liy their former masters, who came with 
the authority of "General Orders" from the department com- 
mander, and armed with special and positive orders from the 
brigade commander. He declared that his soldiers were not 
there as slave-catchers, nor as police to guard the property of 
the country's enemies, and while he remained in command 
not a man' of his regiment ever engaged in sucli pursuits. 
For this refusal to surrender colored refugees and guard 
rebel i>roperty, Col. Anthonj^ was arrested by order of Gen, 
Mitclieil, upon the charge of insubordination. 

Col. Antliony's order, the reader will readily perceive, was 
in direct lontravention of Gen. Halleck's celebrated "Order 
No. o," and ot course created no small stir. The matter im- 
mediately became the subject of comment in the press and 
on the stump, all over the country, and the Senate of the 
United States, taking cognizance of it, passed the following 
resolution : 



Resolved, That the President Of the United States be directed 
to roramunlcate to the Senate any information he may have as 
to the reasons for the arrest of Lieutenant-C^nlonel D. R. Anthony, 
Of thp Seventh Kansas Regiment, if, in his opinion, such infor- 
mation can be given witliout injury to the public service. 

Gen. Hallcck restored Col. Anthony to active duty within 
sixty days after his arrest, being fully satisfied pnl/lic senti- 
ment sustained his (Anthony's) course. Col. Anthony re- 
signed, after having been in the military service only a little 
raore than a year. 

In April, iSOl, he was appointed postmaster at Leaven- 
worth by President Lincoln, which ol!ice he held lor about 
five years, when he was remoyed for refusing to support 
President Johnson's "policy." 

In March, 1863, he was nominated by the Republicans of 
Leavenworth as their candidate for Ma,yor, and was elected 
by a large majority. Up to that time, Southern syinpathiz- 
ers, rebel desperados, and gangs of lawless characters, had 
kept the loyal people of Leavenworth in a constant state of 
terror; acts of violence to the persons of law-abiding citizen 
were the rule rather than the exception, and murders were 
almost of daily occurrence. But Mayor Anthony determined 
to preserve order, and to that end adopted a very positive 
and vigorous policy, in dealing with the lawless element, 
and in this course had tne active support and co-opertaion 
of all the better class of citizens — many of whom favored a 
policy even more radical than that adopted by the Mayor, 
and Avere disposed to resort to summary measures. One no- 
table instance, in particular, is worthy of record: Near the 
North line of the city, on the AVest, stood several large 
buildings, occupied by disreputable women, and these houses 
were used as "headquarters" and places of general rendez- 
vous by the most hardened and desperate characters that in- 
fested the country. On the night of the 22nd of April, 1863, 
a meeting composed of a large number of the best citizen:- 
of the town was held, at which it was resolved that these nui- 
sances should be abated at once. The company then pro- 
ceeded to the vicinity of the houses referred to, headed bv 
several of the most prominent and respectable citizens of the 
town, and giving the inmates notice to vacate at once, set 
fire to the houses, one after another, and stood gnr.rd over 
the premises till the, whole were destroyed. The city papers 
of that date, in referring to the affair, all spoke ol it approv- 
ingly. This was a desperate remedy, but it was thought 
to be the only one that would reach "the case, and its eftect 
was almost instantaneous. The determination thus evinced 
by th^ people to rid the city of thieves and desperados, ta- 
ken in connection with "the resolute and vigorous policy 
adopted by the Mayor, resulted in putting an end to the an- 
archyand mob law that had held sway in Leavenworth for 
three years. 

Some of the results of Mayor Anthony's vigorous pelicy 
are sbown in tlie following letter w^i^ich appeared in the To^ 



peka Tribune., cfated April 19, — onlj a little more than a 
month after the inauguration of the new administration. The 
writer says : 

"A transition from a stormy day to clear and bright sunlight 
is not more pleasant than that which Leavenworth has exp'eri" 
eaced in its entrance upon the Anthony adnimi-stration, lorm- 
erly rogues dwelt here m the most luxurious prolusion; now 
they seek a more congenial clime ; formerly, dirty streets seemed 
one our of permanent institutions; now a filthy spot is an ex- 
ception, while chMuliues.s is the rule; formerly law seemed an 
inoperative something, but now it is a strong engine of power, 
oidministering justice speedily. 

His administration — both in the execution ot the lawM-. 
and the pror.'cution cf all works of public improvement — 
was characterized by the same indomitable energy whicli 
Mr. Anthony brin^t^-s to bear upon everythinLr he undertakes. 
During his term of office many of the most valuable and 
permanent improvements were made. DuriuL'' this period 
L«avenworth made marvelous growth, not only in material 
development but in population. 

One of the most exciting events that occurred during this 
administration — or indeed, at ahy other time in the history 
of Lsavenwort'li — was the arrest of Mayor Anthony by Brig.- 
Gen. Thomas Ewing, Jr., then commanding the District of 
the Border, with headijuarters at Kansas City. Gen. Ewing 
had declared martial law in the district. Some of his detec- 
tives, in Leavenworth, had seized some horses, belonging to 
a colored man named Reed, claiming that they had been sto- 
len from parlies in Missouri, Mayor Anthony denied the 
right of the military to interfere where the civil authority 
was strong enough to enforce the law, directed his police to 
recover the horses, which they did. Several letters passed 
between the Mayor and the General in relation to the affair, 
in which Mayor Anthony showed very clearly that his course 
was in accordance with the laws of the country and the mil- 
itary orders of the department commander, which stated ex- 
Slicitly that the declaration of martial law did not suspend 
le functions of the civil government of the loyal States, and 
declared it to be ''the duty of all officers of such loyal States, 
10 execute the State laws, as far as possible, in the same man- 
ner as if no United States troops Avere present," and further 
declared distinctly that it was "the duty of the military au- 
thorities of the United States to abstain from interference 
with tlie civil authorities, and to protect them from violence, 
if need be, in the discharge of their duties." and that "any re- 
sistance to, or interference with the civil authorities, while is? 
the discharge of their legitimate duties, by military ofiicer? 
or soldiers, i.<^ a crime which merits the sevarest punish- 
ment." 

There was no doubt in the mind of anybody as to the loy- 
alty of the city of Leavenworth, and with a police force 
abundantly able to enforce the law, the Mayor I'elied upon 
The orders' of the Commanding General of the Department to 
protect him in refusing to be interfered with in the discharge 



of his duties by the agents of a subordinate officer. Not- 
withstanding the fact that Mayor Anthony quoted the law, 
and tlie orders of the Department Commander, in vindica- 
tion of hi:,^ course, he was arrested by General Jawing f()r.,"in- 
terterii);.'; with the military authorities of the United, $tates, 
in the discharge of their duties." <, 

Tlie arrest created intense excitement throughout tiie'City, 
and an account of it is thus given in the daily Consep;vintii% 
of Septeinbcr 8. 1863 : ' .'.(,, i / 

Mnvor Antljonywas ye&teiday afternoon arrested "b'j^ '6n^' 6'f 
Gen. Ewlng\-j detectives In a most Indignant and bratafTiiauner^ 
While pertorming hKs official duties In his offico nbout three 
o'clock, the ofllter eiitercd the ]Ma.vor'.s office, seized Anthony 
rudely by tlio ann«, and said, "I want you, sir!" Mayor Ah- 
thony replied, "What do you want?"' The officor replied, "1 .'ir- 
rest you— go uith me I" Anthony asked, "Py wliat authority do 
.you arrest rae ?" Tlie officer answered, "Ry (rgd I am authojity'* 
— at the same time dra.i^gins him from the door, and orderinsrlhis 
men to '7^ro?^'' him Into tlie tniggy, some of whom ^\ ere dii-guised 
witli coverinirs over their laces. The order AVas obeycfl, and he 
was. rudely seized and thrown info the carnage, bis leet hanging 
over the side. The officer mounted his horse and ordered the 
<;river to drive on, and threatened to blow Antiionv s brains out 
jf he offered the h-ast resistance. They started tor Gen. Ewing't. 
headquarters at Kansas City. During the whole of t, his; war there 
lias been comparatively few arrests, in the loyal States, even of 
those who wer(^ the public oppouents of the Government, and 
the abettors of neason ; their disloyal acts have been overlooked 
in most instances becanse of the .strong desire ot the railitajy au- 
thorities to jealously guard the sacred rights of iiersoual liberty. 
=' -' No one will say that Anthony is disloyal, but on the cop- 
Trai y a most zealous mid earnest patriot, the Mayor of one of the- 
m-ost loyal cities in the Union, devoting bis whole time and 
means to guard the ciry ot Leavenworth, against such a,- fate as 
has befell Lawrenee. • '■■'■ - Tlie excitement here i.> intense;, 
the people seem paralyzed with astonishment, and can hard- 
ly realize the tacts. Meetings were held in various parts of the 
city last evening, and then united in a vast mass meeting, ex- 
pi'essing their indignation at this personal and most dastardly 
act." 

In the same paper occurs the followiug account of the 
mass meeting above referred U): • . 

"The whole city was a blaze or excitement, after the arrcGt of 
Mayor Anthony, and a little after dark the people assembled on 
the corner of Fifth and Shawnee, and organized a meeting by 
calling H. W. Ide to the chair. Col. E. N. O. Clough was elected 
secretary. I'lie following resolutions Avere then offered, ajid 
jjassed inianiniout-ly amid the Avildest excitement : 

Bcfnivecf, That we, the people of LeaveiiAvorth, in mas3>:rii"eet- 
mp; assembled, call upon the President of the United 8tate^ to re- 
move the General or Generals who caused the outrages lately 
committed upon the people of -Leavenworth, and cMluminating 
in the arrest of Mayor Anthony of said city, when it is univer- 
sally known that said city is one of the most loyal jn the Union, 
and said Mayor one of the most loyal men of said city. 

lie&olved. That a committee of three be appointed to telegraph 
to the President; if that produce no favorable result, then they 
write the President and lay ]>efore him a statement of the out- 
rages committed upon the people of Kansas, culuminating in 
the arre.st of the Mayor of this city." 

After being held as a prisoner for a few hours, Mayor An- 
thony was released unconditionally, and immediately re- 
turned home, arriving the next evening, h;;ivin;^^ been away 



but a little more than twenty-four hours. His return was 
characterized by the most excited and enthusiastic demon- 
station that Leavenworth ever witnessed. The tbll<nvin;j 
account of his return, and the speech made by INIayor An- 
thony in response to tlie reception given him by the peopk", 
is taken from the daily Bulletin ^ of the next day — tSeplemljer 
0,1803: 

"At eight o'clock last even iUK the whole city assembled at the 
market house to receive Mayor Anthony, who had telegraphed 
from Kansas City thAt lie would be in the city at that hour. The 
Mayor's office and city hall were beautifully illuminated, and 
the largest gathering of citizens ever wltncsed on any occasioji, 
were present. The arrival of the Mayor was announced by a salute 
from the city battery. A band of music was in attendance, and 
amiti its martial strains, the roar of cauiion and the shouts of the 
people, the Mayor was escorted to the si)eaker's stand." 

The following extracts from Mayor Anthony's speech on 
the occasion are worthy of a place here, as portions of the his- 
tory of that lime. He said : 

Men of Lc<ivenworlh :—Yvsieixliiy I was brutally arrested and 
marclied outof towu with two thieves at my side, tollowed by a 
company of soldiers with cocked revolvers pointed at my back. 
To-night I return to Leavenworth, my home, escorted by a com- 
mittee of ten of your truest and best men, sent by you to Kansas 
City, to demand my release and the revocationJpf the order de- 
claring martial law. =•= '^ Yesterday I marcned betwetsn two 
thieves. To-day their lieads lie in the dust. Yesterday martial 
law resigned in Leavenworth. To-day it is scattered to the lour 
winds of heaven. Yesterday wc were despondent. To-day we 
are triumphant. 

The thieves who had me in arrest left in a hurry. They took 
me to Kansas City— a distance of thirty-five miles— iu four ami 
three-«iuarter hours. The first titteen miles were made in an hour 
and three quarters. Had Gen. Ewing made the same haste when 
he left here in pursuit of Quantrell, witii his enemy in front, 
that his detectives and soldiers made with an imaginary foe, in 
tne rear, Quantrell would not have escaped from the butchery 
.It Lawrence with impunity. At every hill-top men were sta- 
tioned to watch for parties in pursuit. There was a strong guard 
posted on the south side of the Kansas river, at the Wyandotte 
terry, with orders from Gen. E\ving to allow no one to pass after 
dark. When the boat landed, the picket said : "Who are you ?" 
I replied, "The Lord Mayor of Leavenworth, with his body 
guard of twenty-lour men on a visit of ceremony to (ien. Ewing 
at Kansas City. Can we pass?" The picket s«id, "I guess so," 
and we passed on. Not a word was said by the detectives, or the 
officer in command of the company. 

The order declaring martial law in Leavenworth having 
ben countermanded simultaneously witli Mayor Anthony's 
arrest, the remainder of his administration was characterized 
bj the strict enforcement of civil law, and by the good order 
and general prosperity of the city. 

On the 21st of January, 1804, Mr. Anthony was married, 
at Edgartown, Mass., to Miss Annie E Osborn. Her father 
was one of the leading whaling merchants of Massachusetts, 
and one of his ships, the Ocmulgee, commanded by his son 
Abram Osborn, was tlie first ship captured and burned by 
the rebel captain, Semmcs. Capt. Osborn, at an earlier date 
was cast away on the Alaska coast, and remained for six 
months with the Esquimaux. 

In April, IStiL 3Iayor Anthony was u candidate for re- 



election, and althoii.uii it "vva^ avcII known that a very large 
majority of the law-abiding people of tlie city favored his 
olrclioii, he was deiealud througii force and fraud by a mob 
of "lied Ia\2:.s." 

lie was again acandidate, in tke following year, and vvas 
defeated by "Thomas Ciwney, by a very small majority. 

In tlie spring of 18()(i, he was removed from the Leaven- 
worth post-otlice for refusing to support President Johnson's 
reconstruction policy — having held the oflice a little over 
live years. 

In 18G8 he was again the llepul)lican caudithite for ]Mayor 
of Leavenworth, and was defeated by 0. R, Moreliead, Jr. 

He was President of the Republican State Convention this 
year. He was also chosen by the Republicans of the State to 
DC Presidential elector, and had tlie honor of casting one of 
the three votes of Kansas for Gen. Grant. 

In 1870 hew-as again tne candidate of the Republican par- 
ty for ]VIa3'or, and was defeated by Hon. John A. Haldermaii 
by a maiority of forty-seven votes, as returned by the judges 
oi' the election, though it was generally believed at that time 
by the Republicans of the city that Mr. Anthony had received 
1 majority of the votes cast. In two of the wards of the city 
he votes of all colored men — to the number of about four 
Jiundred — were rejected, and one of the judges in one of these 
wards has since admitted that the returns were tampered 
with, and that such changes were made in the figures, as 
to show about one hundred and liity votes luss for Anthony 
than were actually cast. 

In 1870 he was elected to the City Council Irom the First 
Ward by a vote of nearly four to one. 

During this year, and the yeav following, lie was chairman 
of the Republican State Central Committee. 

He was a member of every Republican State Convention 
ever held in Kansas up to the time the State was divided in- 
to Congressional districts, when he preferred to be a member 
• i the Congressional Convention of his district, which as- 
embled simultaneously with the State Convention. 

In 1871 he was re-elected to the Council f«-om the First 
AVard. 

In this year occurred the celebrated "railroad war" in 
Leavenworth, in which Col. Anthony took a very conspicu- 
ous part. The city had granted the right of way to the Leav- 
•nworth, Atchison 6c Northwestern "railroad over certain 
treets of the eity, in consideration of certain work to be per- 
tbrmed by the railroad company — namely, the building of a 
union depot, and the grading straightening and riprapping 
of the leve(! from Clioctuw" street to Oakstreet. The ordi- 
nance granting such right of way provided that in case of 
the failure of the railroad company to perform its part of the 
contract, the right of way might be revoked by the city, 
and the road be prevented from running within the city lim- 
its. 

The Misspun Pacilic railroad company leaded tiic road 



iU 

from the Leavenworth, Atchison & Northwestern company, 
and proceeded to operate it, but the latter company failed to 
comply Tv'ith the terms of its contract with the city, although 
the time Avithin which said work was to be done was twice 
extended by the city, and the road had, in the meantime, 
recognized the ri^ht of the city to f;Tanttheriglit of way un- 
der such conditions, b}^ cummencins;, aiid completing a very 
small porliun, of the work which had been specified in the 
contract. AV'hen the time expired within which the work 
was to be done — alter being, as above stated, twice extended 
by the city— the city council declared otiicially that the road 
had violated its C(mtract, and Col. Anthonv, as chairman of 
a snecial railroad committee, in order lo bring the question 
to a speedy issue in the courts, seized the road, within the 
city limits, and tore up a section of the track, upon the 
I'evee, The railroad company applied to tlie United ^States 
Circuit Court, Judge Dillon, ibr a writ of iuj unction to re- 
f'train the city from interfering with the running oi trains. 
The question was argued before the court by eminent coun- 
sel, and after a Jull hearing, the court refused to grant the 
writ prayed for* by the company, but granted a temporary 
injunction restraining the city from immediate interference 
and allowing the road a reasonable time in which to com- 
ply with its contract, thus virtually sustaining the course of 
The city in compelling the road to comply with the terms of 
its contract. The ditliculty was afterwards arranged by the 
acceptance of what was known as the "Edgerton compro- 
mise"— an agreement on tlie part of. the railroad company 
te build a union depot in Leavenworth, and make certain 
improvements on the levee — less then originally required — 
in consideration of which the city consented that the trains 
of the company might be run through the city. 

In the spring of 1872 Col. Anthony was elected Mayor of 
the city by a very handsome majority for the term of Iwo 
years. In the fall of the same year he was a candidate for 
-^the Legislature in the First Ward, and was defeated. 

In November, 1878, he was again a candidate for the Leg- 
islature in the First \Vard, and was elected by a very large 
majority. 

April od, 1874, he was appointed ])y President Grant, to 
be Postmaster at Leavin worth, which position he still holds 
— having held the otlice, altogether, more than two full 
terms or about nine years. The position of Postmaster at 
Leavenworth has never been held by any other i)erfoa for 
one full term, or fou4- years. In this capacity he brings to 
bear the thorough business training and habits, for which 
he is noted, and the allairs of his office are conducted in a 
sysiematic and business-like manner, giving entire satisfac- 
rion to the Post-Office Department and th(; people having 
business with the office.'About the first of January, 187(5, in 
response to complaints filed by certain personal enemies, the 
Postmaster-General detailed a special agent of the Depart- 
^jfient to make an examination of the affairs of the Leaven- 



11 

■worth office, -who, after a patient and thorou.i:!;!! investigation 
made a report in Avliich he stated that he foimd the office 
better comiiu led than any other that he had ever examined. 
The character oi the charges referred to, and the result of 
the invebti»;atiou, may be seen by the following extracts from 
the report referred to : 

"These charues were ^oltc'ii hp in a ni.'iliciou.s spirit, TJif> evi- 
dence jiroducecl is of tlie lowest auil nio.st worthless kind. NM a 
man ot character was iutv()ilu(.-«>«l as a witnc;>s as;ain^t Col. An- 
thony, lie hiinselt introduood no witn('>;s to sustain his charac- 
ter or niana^^einent of tlie pOKt-o(Ucc. Col. Antliouy is a very in- 
dependent man ; if he don't think a man honest or fit for an oi- 
office on thu Republican ticket, 'ho.Avil! not support him. At the 
election last fall he was placed in antagonism to two or lhre«» 
men on the Republican ticket whom the declined tosuppcnt. 
bonce the post-ottice tight. 

The petition for the removal of Col. Anthony is support' d bo- 
seven men making; chaises .wytporta/ bji false offidnciln— now «d- 
mitted to be false by the parties who maile them. Col. Anthony's 
petition for his retention as I'tost master of Loavonwortli iHsi-^ned 
by seveuty-ei^ht of ihe most prominent jncn in Ijcaven worth. 
Kansas, and lie is also sustained by the Kansas press scncrallv 
He keeps his ottice in perfect order. IIis books are perfect iu t^v's- 
tem, and his accounts will show at a i^lance that Col. Anthon^' 
knows how to perform the duties of a hrst-class postmaster. I 
cannot conclude this report without expressing; to you uiy con- 
tempt for men who resort to such vile means to edVM-t the remov- 
al ofany man from a public position. 1 respectlulJy reconunend 
that the chaises ajiainst Col. D. K. Anthony, postma;ai.'r at Leav- 
enworth be dismissed." 

The charges \Yerc accordingly vasmissed. 

On the 22nd of Marcji, 18Tb, he was oppoinled^l-cistmaster 
at Lcavenworlh by Pj'esident Hayes, and was nnaniinously 
Cvmllrmcd by the Senate, this bciiip his fourth appointment 
to this position. 

Col. Anthony has been known to the public as a journal- 
ist since 1861. In January of that year he established the 
Leavenwortli Comevvaii\)e, of which he was sole j^roprietor 
and publisher till July, 18G2, when he sold it to A. C. & D. 
W. Wilder. The^irst i^sue of this paper contained the news 
of the admis..ion of Kansas into the L'nion as a Slate, and a 
bundle of the; papers was carri(:d by the proprietor himself, 
on horseback, to Lawrence— a distance of about thirty miles 
— where the Legislature was in session, arid as there was no 
telegraph line at that time to Lawrence, the young Goiiscrta- 
live gave to the ni(,'ml)fu-s the first news of Ihe fa(?t'that the 
State had been admitted. This gave an ausy>icious Com- 
mencement to the new journnl which, under Col. Anthony's 
energetic managcinenl, soon ro^^c to promt uetice as oiic of 
the best and most enterprising papers of the West. - ' 

In 3Lireli, 18(M, Col. Anthony purchased the Bulfeiin, 
■^yhich he publislKul for several* years, and in 186S'sold it 
W. S. IJurke. 

Fn :\[ay, 1871, he purchased the Timc.<<, wifli which the 
^Conservative had ]n-eviously been united, and in November 
®f the same year, he again purchased the Bulletin, and aUo 
tmited that paper with thn 7Y;//^.^'. 

A few years later-~oxi the firat of January^ lS76---ho pur. 



12 

chased tbe Cornnin> uii aud united that journal also ^vith the 
Times, thus acquiring complete command of the newspaper 
feituatiou, and unitiur:; under one proprietorshiff and one 
management, all the morninii: papers of Leavenworth. After 
purchasing tlie Times he retired from other business except 
the post office, and cave liis time and attention to his paper, 
and by untiring industry and" good business management 
has succeeded in building up one of the most extensive and 
prolitable newspa]K»r establishments in the West. 

Col. Anthony's life has been distinguished by an unusual 
degree of activity, in business, in politics, and in journal- 
ism. His name has been prominently before the people of 
the State for a greater length of .time tlian that of any otlier 
public man thai the State has ever had. Kansas has had a 
large number of men who have figured prominently in puli- 
lic affairs, for longer or shorter periods, and then passed out 
of sight, but there has not been a time since l\[r. Anthony 
took up his residence in Kansas — four years before the Ter- 
ritory was admitted into the Union as a State — when he has 
not been conspicuously before the people of the common- 
wealth, and recognized by everybody as one of her live 
men. 

He is a man of iudomilalde energy aud untiring industry 
— oualities, which, united to unusual physical strength and 
endurance, enable him to accomplish a marvelous amount 
of work. 

He is a man of positive .characldr, and like all such char- 
acters, everywhere, has warm friends, and bitter enemies — 
and it is stating the case very moderately to say that his 
friends are as warm aud his enemies as bitter as those of any 
other man in Kansas. The opposition of his enemies, both 
personal and political, has been o'l the most violent charac- 
ter, going so far, on more than one occasion, as to satisfy 
him and his friends, that plans were being laid to take his 
life. The only overt act of this character, however, was on 
the evening of the 10th of May, 1875. As he was entering 
the Opera Ilouse at Leavenworth, in which a large audience 
of ladies and gentlemen had assembled, he was assaulted by 
an obscure person, who was probably procured for the pur- 
pose, amd a desperate attempt was made to murder him — an 
attempt which, it was thought at the time, had been success- 
ful, and, indeed, as is well known now, nothing but his ex 
traordinary physical constitution, aided in a great measure 
by his resolute will, prevented his d -ath at that time. Three 
shots were fired at him, only one of which took effect; thi.> 
was fired from a distance of but a few inches — so close that 
when the pistol was discharged the ]jowder burnt his face. 
This shot took effect, and the consequences resulting from it 
are thus described by a distinguished physician. Dr. Tifhn 
Sinks, editor of the Leavenworth }[erUr(il Herald: 

"On Monday, :May 10th, at 10 o'clock r. Af., D» R. Anthony, aged 
.t1, wasshol while ou the second fliirht of staii's of the Opera 
House. The weapon used was h. Colt's Home pistol, cnrryine a 
Slightly conical ball weighing oue-lourth of au ounce, and ineas- 



13 

uriug three-eighths of au inch in diameter. The nmzzle of the 
pistol when flred was so near his person that the rlgtit side of his 
face, near the inouth, was powder burnetl and his whiskeis 
singed. The ball passed tiiroui;li the right clavicle almost exact- 
ly to the lous;itndinal cmtre, iractnring it in its entirely, wound- 
ed the sub-clavian artery and lodged somewhere lu his body. 

The fracture was a comminuted one, but the impropriety of 
handling the partsfor fear of disturbing the coagulum prevented 
an accurate determination of tlie condition of the bone. Im- 
mediately after the receipt of the injury he walked deliberately 
up from six to ten steps, twelve feet across tlie tloor, and sat 
down upon a stool, or rather a chair M'itliout a back, several of 
which were ranged against the wall. I being near reached him 
almost Instantly, auil asked him two questions to which here- 
plied. He then became too faint to preserve tJie sitting posture 
and I laid him gently *lown upon the cliairs and made search 
for the wound at ttiepoint indicated by liim in reply to my ques- 
tions. When found, bright artei ial blood was flowing perpendic- 
ularly there from about an incli in lieiglit and tliree-eights of an 
inch in diameter. The appearance presented was that of a foun- 
tain playing at a very low pressure. Within six seconds after the 
wound was exposed the blood suddenly ceased to flow, and botii 
respiration and pulsation stopped All present supposed he was 
dead. In about one minute, or perhaps less (as we only yuess at 
time in such cases,) respiration again began in a very feeble way, 
and it was tullj' fifteen minutes thereafter before the faintest pul- 
sation could be detected at the left wrist. I liave been thus min- 
ute in the description tliatotliers m ay form an estimate of the 
time that elapsed from the reception of tlie \vouiid until com- 
plete syncope supervened. It certainly could not exceed one 
minute. The amount ot blood lost was estimated at about two 
quarts. No pulsation was discovered in the radical artery of the 
right side, nor has there ever since been any. There was an en- 
tire paralysis of motion In the right arm and hand, but not of 
sensation ; on the contraiy for two hours his chiel complaint was 
&t pain in that arm and hand. 

As soon as possible after reaction began, ice was applied to the 
wound and kept renewed lor ten days. I^rom tiie time that re- 
action began until four o'clock the next morning, when it was 
pretty well established, the process consisted in a series of altera- 
tions, from extreme depression to partial reaction, the pulse be- 
coming imperceptible at the wrist, the respirations slow and la- 
bored,; the surface cold and clammy, with loud expressions of 
agonj', then gradually reversing tile order until comparative 
calm, warmth ami comfort were obtained. The frequency of the 
depressions grew less and less as the weary night progressed. 
For two hours alter the reception of the wound he was entirely 
blind, but could distinguish his wife and some others around 
iiim by their voices. About an hour after the reception of the 
wound he vomiteil freely. At five o'clock in the morning he 
was carrletl to his residence and a hypodermic injection of 
one-fourth of a grain of morphia administered, wliich subdued 
all pain and enabled him to sleep two hours. At ID A, ir., liis 
clothing was removed and he was placed in bed. Considerable 
swelling existing both below and above the clavicle, immediately 
inand around the wound a large and firm coagulunt had formed, 
surticieut indeed to maintain almost perfect coaptation of the 
fragments of the clavicle. Immediately after the wound was ex- 
posed on the night of its reception, I inserted the little fingerof 
my left hand into it, but was almost instantly inished away by 
the surging crowd around. This momentary investigation was 
the only one made, and from it I learned that the bone was per- 
forated by a circular opening -that the edges of this were serra- 
ted and that the bone was fractured across, whether at right 
angles or obliquely could not be determined. The blue and con- 
gestetl condition of the arm and hand that existed disappeared 
next morning. The temperature ol the limb was considerably 
less than that of the corresponding one, but not sufficiently so as 
to require artificial heat. The pulse at the left wrist was tolera- 
bly full, stong and regular, and beat ninety to the minute. He 



14 

oxpvpsf'«ed liimsell as being almost euti rely free from pain, and 
was quite cheerful. l.Uiring Tuesday and Wednesdaj' nights he 
rested (juitely and slept a few minutes at a time with frequent 
iutervaJs, ^ 

On Wednesday mornins,!:, tliirly-tvvo horirs alter the wound was 
rrt'oived an exanfination' revealed the fact that tlie coagulum in 
rhe proximal end of the arlery had been forced out and that a 
Jarse traumatic aneurism existed. The aneurlsmal thrill lind 
iir?f.7 were M-ell marked. The supra and infra-clavicular spaces, 
ami in fact the entire clavicular region was so filled by coagula 
andetfusion that no very definite idea of the extent of the aueur- 
ishi could beft.rmed, nor Aviiether it was circumscribed or dif- 
'fused. iVusculatlon revealed an absence of respiratory murmur 
and of vocal fremitus in the posterior portion of tlie right lung, 
indicating a collection of serum or blood, or both, in the thoracic 
cavity, and warrantinp; tlie .supposi1«ion that the costal pleura 
was wounded. 

The aneurisraal tumor was ovoid in shape, something resem- 
bling a pullett's es^g, its apex being above the clavicle, and near- 
ly one-half iucli from the external bonier of the scalenus anh'cus 
liiuscle, extending downward and a little upward, its chief por- 
Tiou being below the clavicle, inoasuring in its" long diameter 
Three inches, aud its short diameter two and a half inches. An- 
teriorly it projected above the level of the clavicle, and to the 
sense of toucli, it vseemed as though nothing btit the skin inter- 
posed between the finger and the surging tide beneath. 

By pressing the finger down deeply, rather between than ex- 
ternal to the scalene muscles, the subclavian arteiy could be 
compressed over the margin of Mie rib, and when done the tumor 
subsided, and all pulsation in it ceased, showing conclusively 
that the artery wounded could not have been any of the branches 
of the subclavian, as those that pass in the neighborhood of the 
wound are given ofl" interior to the i)Oint at which compression 
wns made, and establishing the correctness of the original diagg 
nosis. 

What had before seemed impossible was now rendered possible, 
viz : the ligation of the artery external to the scalene muscles. 
But the statistics of such operations presente<l a, mortality of 
fifty per cent., wliich Avas by no means encouraging, while but 
four cases of anemism of this artery are presented in which com- 
pression has succeeded. 

Compression being perfectly safe, but at the time a very labori- 
ous piocedure, it was determined to give it an exnaustive trial. 
If it sliould fail, then as a last resort, deiigation could be tried. 

On Wodnesi Jay, June 10th, I began intermittent digital com- 
pression of the arteiy where it crosses the first rib, continuing it 
from fifteen to twenty minutes at a time, and repeating it three 
times a day. The tumefaction sit the base of the neck was still 
;^o great that it was necessary to press the linger <lown deeply in 
ordt'r to reach the artery, V)eside the fractured;clavicle was not yet 
•*utlicieutly firmly united to warrnnt.any depression of the shoul- 
der. After pressure had been continuetl about fiftec^n minutes, a 
(jjsacre-<t?ab!e feelinyr.uf numbness, followed by pretty severw j<a in 
would be produced iu the hand and arm, requiring a discontin- 
uance of compression. Tliis was undoubtedly tlue to the pres- 
sure wiiich the enlarged airj distended vessel exerted upon tlie 
neighhoring nerves, us the moment compression of the artery 
wa«<«niitted, all pain and discomfort ceased. 

On .luly 2d, everything being considtMed favorable, continuous 
compression was begun and maintained with only occasional in- 
termissions, Jill August :'.Oth. 

At tlie time the wound was ieceiv*ed he was in perfect health, 
possessed an unusually strong aud vigorous constitution, and 
had never been .seriously ill. Besides, he had the good sense to 
pn»mptly, and thoroughly gbey every direction of his medical 
advisers. His calmness, courage, patience, obedience ^nd cheer- 
Julness, throughout the process of the case, both when no reason- 
able iiope of his recovery could be offered, and during tlie long, 



15 

tedious period of compression, are worthly of tlie liighest com- 
mendation. 

Two leatures of tliis case stand out witli conspicuous promi- 
nence, and .so far as I can ascertain, have no parallel in the an- 
nals of surgery. 

First, Ills survival after the free opening of tlie artery, and sec- 
ond, ttie entire absence of suppuration in sucli a Mound. Tlie 
artery wns utiquestionably severed entirely, Avhich -was favorable, 
ns it could in consequence retinct anJ contrnct. The opt'nJii;i 
througli the bone was free as evinced by the rapid and profu-e 
l)eniorrlia.sj;e, the appearance of a column of blood at the time 
the wound was exposed, and the insertion of the end of niy fourtb 
tinker into the periorated bone. The iiole throuf^h tiii- bone of 
course could iiot contract. Toe nonrecurrenre of hemorrhage; 
when reaction besan is simply marvellous, Ijut sljoWS us Avhat 
nature will sometimes do in tlie way of self-protection, and may 
serve as a lesson on Injudicious interference." 

An examiuation iitade by Dr. Sinks a short time since — 
February 1st, 18T8 — shows that the aneurism remains with- 
out any "perceptible cliange from the cojidition in wiiich it 
w;i>^ ibund wlien the wound first liealed. Tlie aperture ia 
tlie broken artery he finds considerably smaller than at first, 
and the Doctor expresses the opinion that it may, in course 
«')f time, close up entirely. 

We have given considerable space to this incident in Ool. 
Anthony's history, and have been thus minute in details, be- 
cause the case is one that has more than a bio.orapliicai im- 
portance. It is a case that has particular interest to physi- 
cians and sur£!:eons throuuhout the world, since it is believed 
to l)e without parallel in liistory. 

It also shows the strong '])h3^sical constitution of the 
man, and illustrates, better than any language might, his 
imhmiitable will power, which kept him alive under cir- 
cumstances which would have caused Ihe death of any man 
of less resolute determination. 

Col. Anthony- is a man of positive convictions, and is un- 
tiring and uncompromising in the support or defense of wliflt 
he conceives to lie the right, la politics, as in everything 
else, friends and enemies alike always know where to find 
him. He is deficient in diidomacy, and has but little of the 
C[Uality commonly known as "policy." Tlie ends that a 
more ]>ol it ic person might reach by strategic means, he at- 
tains b}' straight, hard blows, and rarely I'ails to deal a blow 
that he thinks ought to be struck, through fear of its possi- 
ble unpo]mlarity : hence the adverse results that so frecjuent- 
ly attend his political ventures. His speeches and writings 
are always marked by the directness and force of theii- state- 
ments, and the almost total absence' of imagination, humor 
or rhetoric. He is a man of extraordinar}' firmness. He is 
readily influenced by kind mea-nires, l)ut resents vigoroush" 
any attempt at coercion, resisting Ibrce with force, to the last 
■ ':treme. 

He is remarkabl}' domestic in his habits, for erne who has 
been so much in public life. He is devotedly attached to 
his family— consisting of his wife, two daughters and a sod 
— and his leisure hours are given almost wholly to home 
pleasures, Ph3\sically, he is of equare, solid frame, "built 



IG 

for strength," is six feet tall, ami weighs one linndred antl 
eighty jiounds. Ilis voice is clear and po\\-er fill, and in pub- 
lic speaking he has no ditlicnlt}' in making himself distinct- 
ly heard and understood by evci-yone, in the largest out- 
door audience. 

His ^vhole political life has been a struggle in defence of 
the rights of the common i)eople. He refused to acknowl- 
edge any distinction of race or color long before the United 
States government recognized the black man as more than a 
"chattel," and from the time he first entered into public life,as 
an opponent of "know-nothingism" he has stood consisten- 
]y and unttinchingl3^upon the i)latform of human rightsJioUl- 
iiig this grand principle paramount to all ]K)licies and ]iar- 
ties, always holding lirmly to the belief lliat the right must 
in tlie end prevail, and that time brings all things even. He 
is the champion of liberty and equality, religious and polit- 
ical, in the broadest sense. While wedded to no religion 
himself, he recognizes the right of ever}- man to the fullest 
jirotection of the government in the enjoyment of his indi- 
vidual opinions and convictions, and is always ready to come 
To the assistance of the oppressed or ostracised of whatever 
church or creed, whether Protestant or Catholic, Greek or 
•Tew, jNLohammedan or Pagan. 

As is the case with all men who light for principle, and 
refuse to compromise with circumstances,his life has been a 
stormy one — a succession of struggles — a series of contests — 
a life of incessant activity' and unremitting etlort ; an e\])e- 
rience which has taught him to welcome victorj- with little 
or no demonstration, and to accept deioat com])lacen11j. 

As a Inisiness man, he is exact, systematic and methodical ; 
as a politician he is radical, aggressive and earnest; as a 
friend, lie is firm, active and devoted, and as an enemy — one 
had better choose some otlier man.